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|作者：译者/和风 来源：英国《金融时报》席佳琳 更新时间：2009-9-6 【字体：小 大】|
英国《金融时报》席佳琳(Kathrin Hille)上海报道 2009-08-28
BEIJING URGES US TO END COAST SURVEILLANCE
By Kathrin Hille in Shanghai 2009-08-28
The remarks came after two days of negotiations on maritime safety between military officials from both sides following a series of confrontations between US and Chinese ships in waters off the Chinese coast earlier this year.
“The way to resolve China-US maritime incidents is for the US to change its surveillance and survey operations policies against China, decrease and eventually stop such operations,” Xinhua, the official news agency, quoted the Ministry of National Defence as saying.
Washington has made public six incidents in the Yellow Sea and the South China Sea in which it said Chinese ships harassed US vessels in a way that risked the safety of both sides.
The two countries have had a Military Maritime Consultative Agreement since 1998, which was supposed to help to prevent and solve such incidents. But the US has complained that China keeps ignoring the “rules of the road” while at sea.
One incident in March occurred 75 miles south of Hainan island, where China keeps its most advanced submarine fleet. The US said the Impeccable, a US navy surveillance ship, had been harassed by a group of Chinese trawlers, coast guard and navy vessels.
Washington, like most other western nations, holds the view that the convention allows all international sea traffic in countries' 200-mile exclusive economic zones except for those ships that are attempting to prospect for resources. All international ships must, however, ask for permission when they are entering waters within 12 miles of a nation's coast.
Beijing said the Impeccable's trip violated the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea and Chinese laws and regulations because the ship had been inside China's EEZ without Beijing's approval. However, China avoided making general demands over US behaviour.
Chinese military officials have also in the past steered clear of confronting the US over its influence in Asia. They have sometimes even suggested that the two could coexist.
Yesterday's declaration, however, suggests that China is moving closer to scenarios long painted by defence experts under which it becomes more assertive and starts drawing lines for the US military.