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外媒:印度挡住中国人的进展
India Blocks Chinese Advances
作者:strategypage网站 来源:环球展望军事网 更新时间:2009-7-26 【字体:

    [环球展望军事网]2009年7月23日:印度渴望看作一位防务产品客户重新夺得斯里兰卡。在斯里兰卡同坦米尔人分裂组织二十年的内战时期,印度处于一个困难的位置,大多数的坦米尔人住印度南部泰米尔纳德邦(Tamil Nadu),而且坦米尔人政客普遍支持斯里兰卡的坦米尔人。这造成印度难以供应所有斯里兰卡寻求的武器。因此斯里兰卡寻找来自其他来源的武器,而且最乐意的是印度的两位竞争对手;巴基斯坦和中国。

    印度不完全断绝斯里兰卡。许多印度人支持斯里兰卡作为一个统一国家努力维持它本身。毕竟,斯里兰卡的坦米尔人分裂者,泰米尔猛虎组织(LTTE),是一个大的恐怖主义和暗杀的狂热者。他们的受害人之一是前任印度的总理。因此印度能够援助斯里兰卡去切断LTTE武器偷运。增加海军在印度和斯里兰卡之间的巡逻,而且搜寻和拘捕印度的LTTE代理人。当斯里兰卡需要防空雷达和巡逻船时,立刻,印度提供。印度也出售他们的二艘军舰。稍早在内战中,印度派遣几千名维和部队。但是事与愿违LTTE攻击他们。但是现在印度正在尽力当好邻居和潜在武装供应者。最近,印度派遣500名军队工程师要帮助从斯里兰卡北部清除LTTE的地雷。在表面上响应中,斯里兰卡已经取消从巴基斯坦和中国2亿美元的武器订购。但是斯里兰卡,需要一些理由,说这更多的是在今年早些时候击败LTTE的结果。斯里兰卡不再需要所有的那些武器和弹药。

    斯里兰卡也知道印度对中国增长的海军力量感到惊慌,并且中国努力在印度洋建立基地。大多数的中国石油输入途经印度洋,如同许多中国输出品。一般认为是中国热心帮助斯里兰卡是这一个战略的部份,而且希望斯里兰卡会允许中国军舰从斯里兰卡运转。印度还有很长的路要走去制止这种情况发生,而且斯里兰卡显得乐意的让印度示范这个热心。斯里兰卡宁愿升温与印度的关系,而不愿意夹在印度-中国为控制印度洋的争夺中间。

    附原文供对照参考:

India Blocks Chinese Advances

July 23, 2009: India is eager to regain Sri Lanka as a customer for defense products. During the two decades of civil war in Sri Lanka, with the Tamil minority seeking to partition the island, India was in a difficult position, Most Tamils live in the south Indian state of Tamil Nadu, and Tamil politicians generally backed the Sri Lankan Tamils. This made it difficult for India to supply all the weapons Sri Lanka wanted. So Sri Lanka sought arms from other sources, and the two that were most willing were rivals of India; Pakistan and China.

India did not cut off Sri Lanka entirely. Many Indians backed Sri Lanka's effort to maintain itself as a unified state. After all, the Tamil rebels in Sri Lanka, the LTTE, were big fans of terrorism and assassination. One of their victims had been a former Indian prime minister. So India was able to assist Sri Lanka to halt LTTE weapons smuggling. This was done by increasing naval patrols between India and Sri Lanka, and seeking out and arresting LTTE agents in India. When Sri Lanka needed air defense radars and patrol boats, in a hurry, India came through. India also sold them two warships. Early on in the civil war, India sent several thousand peacekeepers. But this backfired when the LTTE turned on them. But now India is making a major effort to be a good neighbor and potential arms supplier. Recently, India sent 500 army engineers to help clear LTTE mines from northern Sri Lanka. Seemingly in response, Sri Lanka has cancelled $200 million in weapons orders from Pakistan and China. But Sri Lanka says, with some justification, that this is more the result of the LTTE having been defeated earlier this year. Sri Lanka no longer needs all those weapons and ammunition.

Sri Lanka is also aware that India is alarmed at the growth of Chinese naval power, and Chinese efforts to establish bases in the Indian ocean. Most of China's oil imports pass through the Indian ocean, as do many Chinese exports. It was thought that China's eagerness to help Sri Lanka was part of this strategy, and that here were hopes that Sri Lanka would allow Chinese warships to operate out of Sri Lanka. India will go a long way to stop that from happening, and Sri Lanka appears willing to let India demonstrate an eagerness to please. Sri Lanka would rather have warm relations with India, than get caught in the middle of an Indo-Chinese struggle for control of the Indian Ocean.

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