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中国645型海上调查船/813型海上电子监视船
Type 645 Oceanographic Survey Ship/Type 813 Ocean Electronic Surveillance Ship
作者:环球展望军事网编译 来源:今日中国防务网 更新时间:2007-11-8 【字体:


描述:
645型海上调查船(来源:中国英特网)
Description: Type 645 oceanographic survey ship (Source: Chinese Internet)

    中国645型是由708所在1970为国家海洋管理局(SOA)发展的海洋调查船。该船被设计用于海洋水文,物理学,海洋气象学,海洋化学,海洋地质学,地貌学,生物学等科学研究。如果需要,该船也可以用于军事任务,像是后勤支援和情报。第一艘“向阳红”(Xiangyanghong)09在1978年建造,在1980年早期后继建造额外的二艘。第四艘是海上电子监视船被PLA海军操作。

    645型满载排水量4,435吨。主要推进由额定4,500 hp(3,308 kW)的二台本国的9 ESDZ43/82 B型柴油机和四台640 hp(470 kW)柴油机所组成。该船最高航速18节和最大航程10,000 nm(以14节航速)。该船能在复杂海况和4级冰-覆盖水域中航行,而且最大持久力60天。

    该有船16个实验室,具有267平方米总面积;一个66平方米样本舱和一个84平方米备件舱。在甲板上安装各种不同的总数为12个的专用绞车。该船装备中国第一套10,000米深回声测深器和最先进的气象,通信,导航和科学研究设备。


描述:
“向阳红”(Xiangyanghong)09是645型的第一艘(来源:中国英特网)
Description: Xiangyanghong 09 is the first hull of the Type 645 (Source: Chinese Internet)

    “向阳红”(Xiangyanghong)09

    该级第一艘“向阳红”9的建造由上海建立的沪东造船厂(现在沪东-中华造船厂)在 1977年10月开始,并且在1978年12月交付。该船在1981年12月严重地被一次火灾事故损坏,并在1982年整修。被国家海洋管理局北海分局操作,“向阳红”09已经参加许多重要的科学研究计划。

    “向阳红”(Xiangyanghong)14

    645型的第二艘“向阳红”14,在1981年建造。该船已经用于科学研究用途被国家海洋管理局南海分局操作。

    “向阳红”(Xiangyanghong) 16

    第三艘“向阳红”16也在1981年建造。在1993年5月2 日,在靠近中国海岸附近N 29°12′E 124°28′同一艘赛普勒斯-注册的38,000吨货船银角(Silver Horn)号碰撞。“向阳红”16承受由撞击所引起的严重损害,在当地时间早上05:37沉没在中国东海,船上三名乘员死亡。


“向阳红”(Xiangyanghong)21(V350,“南调”(Nandiao)350)海上电子监视船
Description: Xiangyanghong 21 is the ocean electronic surveillance ship based on the Type 645 (Source: Chinese Internet)

    “向阳红”(Xiangyanghong)21(V350,“南调”(Nandiao)350)海上电子监视船

    在1976年,中央军事委员会(CMC)和国务院批准了基于645型海洋调查船设计的813型海上电子监视船。 708研究所在1977年和1980年之间工作执行设计,而且沪东造船厂在1980年9月完成了该船的建造。正式地命名为“向阳红”21,该船在1982年11月被交付给PLA海军。舰载电子系统测试在1983年3月~4月被实施。

    虽然被接受像同级其它的海洋调查船“向阳红”的名字,但是它即是PLA海军V350或“南调”(Nandiao )350。由PLA南海舰队在湛江(Zhanjiang)基地操作,“向阳红”21是PLA海军有海上操作能力的第一艘电子监视船。

    附原文供对照参考:

Type 645 Oceanographic Survey Ship
Type 813 Ocean Electronic Surveillance Ship

Last updated: 5 October 2007

The Type 645 is the oceanographic survey ship developed by No.708 Institute in the 1970s for the State Oceanic Administration (SOA). The ship was designed for scientific researches in marine hydrology, physics, marine meteorology, marine chemistry, marine geology, geomorphology, biology, etc. If necessary, the ship could also be used for military roles such as logistic support and intelligence. The first hull Xiangyanghong 09 was built in 1978, followed by two more hulls in the early 1980s. The fourth hull is an ocean electronic surveillance ship operated by the PLA Navy.

The Type 645 has a full displacement of 4,435 tonnes. The main propulsion consists of two indigenous 9ESDZ43/82B diesel engines rated at 4,500hp (3,308kW), and four 640hp (470kW) diesel engines. The ship has a top speed of 18 knots, and a maximum range of 10,000nm (at 14 knots speed). The ship can travel in complex sea conditions and Class 4 ice-covered waters, and has a maximum endurance of 60 days.

The ship has 16 laboratories, with a total area of 267 square metres; a 66 square metres specimen compartment, and a 84 square metres spare part compartment. A total of 12 special winches of various purposes are installed on the deck. The ship was equipped with China’s first 10,000m depth sounder, and the most advanced meteorology, communications, navigations, and scientific research equipments.

Xiangyanghong 09

Construction of the first-of-class Xiangyanghong 9 began in October 1977 at Shanghai-based Hudong Shipyard (now Hudong-Zhonghua Shipyard), and the ship was delivered in December 1978. The ship was seriously damaged by a fire accident in December 1981, and was refurbished in 1982. Operated by the North Sea Branch of the National Oceanographic Bureau, Xiangyanghong 09 has taken part in a number of important scientific research projects.

Xiangyanghong 14

The second hull of the Type 645, Xiangyanghong 14, was built in 1981. The ship has been operated by the South Sea Branch of the National Oceanographic Bureau for scientific research purpose.

Xiangyanghong 16

The third hull Xiangyanghong 16 was also built in 1981. On 2 May 1993, the ship collided with a Cyprus-registered 38,000t cargo ship Silver Horn at N 29°12′ E 124°28 near Chinese coast. Xiangyanghong 16 suffered from serious damage caused by the collision, and sank in the East China Sea at 05:37 AM local time, killing three crew members onboard.

Xiangyanghong 21 (V350, Nandiao 350) Ocean Electronic Surveillance Ship

In 1976, the Central Military Commission (CMC) and the State Council approved the building of Type 813 ocean electronic surveillance ship based on the Type 645 oceanographic survey ship design. No.708 Institute carried out the design work between 1977 and 1980, and Hudong Shipyard completed the construction of the ship in September 1980. Officially named Xiangyanghong 21, the ship was delivered to the PLA Navy in November 1982. The tests of the onboard electronic systems were carried out in March~April 1983.

Although the ship received the name of Xiangyanghong like other oceanographic survey ships of the same class, it was known as V350 or Nandiao 350 in the PLA Navy. Operated by the PLA South Sea Fleet based at Zhanjiang, Xiangyanghong 21 was the PLA Navy’s first electronic surveillance ship with ocean operation capability.

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