繁体中文
设为首页
加入收藏
 | 网站首页 | 军事动态 | 原创专稿 | 文摘 | 论坛精选 | 
您现在的位置: 环球展望军事 >> 原创专稿 >> 中国军事 >> 中国海军 >> 正文 用户登录 新用户注册
中国Yu-6鱼雷
Yu-6 Torpedo
作者:环球展望军事网编译 来源:中国今日防务网站 更新时间:2006-1-18 【字体:


描述:
PLA海军人员装填一枚Yu-6鱼雷到039型宋级潜艇的发射管内(来源:中国英特网)
Description: PLA Navy crew loading a Yu-6 torpedo into the launch tube of the Type 039 Song class submarine (Source: Chinese Internet)

    Yu-6是由705研究所(也即是西安精密机械研究所)设计的一种533mm导线-/声音-/尾流归向重型鱼雷,该所是位于陕西省西安中国造船工业公司(CSIC)的一个研究开发分部。Yu-6是在中国人民解放军海军(PLAN)中服役的最先进和性能最好的国产鱼雷,设计同深-潜的潜艇和水面船只交战。鱼雷在2005年进入PLAN服役,被039型(宋级)和039A型(元级)常规潜艇,还有可能最近下水的093型(商级)和094型(晋级)核潜艇携带。

    在1980年中期,PLAN决定为反舰战(ASuW)和反潜战(ASW)任务发展一种新的重型鱼雷,通过反向-工程在1970年后期或1980年早期被中国渔民回收的唯一的一枚Mk-48鱼雷。发展计划稍后在由于不多的原型带来巨大的技术困难和资金缺乏后安排停止。然而,在Otto燃料II和制导方面的研究被一个小组继续。

    同样地PLAN现有的鱼雷不能符合它的现代海军的战斗需求,Yu-6计划正式地在1995年被恢复,冬纯鹏(Dong Chun-Peng)被任命为主设计师。被修改的Yu-6设计已经可能吸收一些俄国技术,特别是独特的声音-导引技术。许多的中国部门积极参与Yu-6发展,包括上海交通大学为鱼雷外壳发展了新合金;天津橡胶研究所为声音导引头提供消声外层;哈尔滨电碳研究所任务去发展石墨材料用于制造发动机阀门和其它零件;仪征双环活塞公司为鱼雷推进发展了活塞环。

    据传闻Yu-6采用一种组合导线+主动/被动声音+尾流-归向制导用于不同类型目标。它引导系统根据传闻使用英特尔80486级的微处理器。Yu-6也是中国第一种采用模块化设计和开放结构软件编程理念设计的鱼雷,所以当它们变为可得,新技术和程序可能被毫不迟疑地吸收。


描述:Yu-6鱼雷设计交战深-潜的潜艇和水面船只两者(来源:中国英特网)
Description: The Yu-6 torpedo designed to engage both deep-diving submarines and surface ships (Source: Chinese Internet)

The Yu-6 is the 533mm wire-/acoustic-/wake-homing heavy torpedo designed by 705 Institute (also known as Xi’an Precision Machinery Institute), a R&D branch of the China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation (CSIC) in Xi’an, Shaanxi province. The Yu-6 is the most advanced and capable indigenous torpedo in service with the People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN), designed to engage both deep-diving submarines and surface ships. The torpedo entered the PLAN service in 2005, carried by the Type 039 (Song class) and Type 039A (Yuan class) conventional submarines, and possibly the newly launched Type 093 (Shang class) and Type 094 (Jin class) nuclear-powered submarines too.

In the mid-1980s, the PLAN decided to develop a new heavy torpedo for both anti-ship warfare (ASuW) and anti-submarine warfare (ASW) roles, by reverse-engineering a single Mk-48 torpedo recovered by Chinese fishermen in the late 1970s or early 1980s. The development project was later put on a halt after few prototypes were produced due to enormous technical difficulties and lack of funding. However, research on the Otto fuel II and wire guidance was continued by a small team.

As the PLAN realised that its current torpedoes were unable to meet its requirements for modern naval warfare, the Yu-6 project was officially revived in 1995, with Dong Chun-Peng appointed as the chief designer. The revised Yu-6 design has possibly incorporated some Russian technologies, particularly the unique wake-homing technology. A number of Chinese organisations were involved in the Yu-6 development, including Shanghai Jiaotong University that developed new alloy for the torpedo casing; Tianjin Rubber Research Institute that supplied the noise-reduction casing for the acoustic seeker; Harbin Electro Carbon Research Institute tasked to develop the graphite material used to make engine valves and other components; Yizheng Shuanghuan Piston Ring Co. Ltd. that developed the piston ring for the torpedo propulsion.

It was reported that the Yu-6 adopts a combined wire + active/passive acoustic + waking-homing guidance for different types of targets. It guidance system reportedly uses an Intel 80486-class microprocessor. The Yu-6 was also the first Chinese torpedo designed with the concepts of modular design and open architecture software programming in mind, so that new technologies and programmes could be readily incorporated whenever they become available.

    中国Yu-6是美国Mk-48重型533毫米反潜鱼雷的一种中国反向-工程型。从潜水艇发射,鱼雷被设计交战高速、深-潜核潜艇。但尚不清楚鱼雷采用什么类型的制导,但是它可能也是线-制导,或主动/被动声-自导引,或两者(如Mk-48型)。鱼雷可能采用液体燃料提供动力(Otto)。

    计划可能在1980年中期已经开始。真正鱼雷的状态是未知的,但是很有可能发展在1990年由于技术上的困难被取消。

    附补充资料:《中国鱼雷的研制与现况》节选

    仿制MK46

    中国海军仿制美制MK46型反舰鱼雷,其内部型号不详。

    目前,该型鱼雷已大量装备中国海军的水面舰艇和海军航空兵,并作为反潜导弹的弹头使用。自50年代以来,中国海军一直没有轻型反潜鱼雷。80年代时,中国耗资800万美元购买了一批MK46II型反潜鱼雷,这种鱼雷直径324毫米,长2。6米,全重324千克,战斗部重44千克。它采用先进的OTTO热动力推进系统,最高航速45节,最大航程11千米。导引系统为主被动联合声导模式,极为灵敏可靠,既可在深水也可在浅水发挥作用,甚至能搜索出装消声瓦的潜艇。与其它轻型鱼雷相比,该型鱼雷具有速度高,航程远,威力大等特点,而且载具灵活,水面舰艇,飞机和直升机均可配备使用。MK46型鱼雷的仿制工作,对中国海军意义重大。其中最主要的是对OTTO热动力技术的掌握,并由此促进了鱼五型的研制。此外,也解决了中国海军发展反潜导弹的重大问题。不过,中国仿制的MK46属早期型号,到目前为止,MK46已发展出5种衍生型号,最新型的更演进成MK50。所以,中国海军所装备的MK46型鱼雷,在性能上与最先进的型号仍有一段差距。

文章录入:军闻    责任编辑:《环球展望》 
  • 上一篇文章:

  • 下一篇文章:
  • 发表评论】【加入收藏】【告诉好友】【打印此文】【关闭窗口
    美媒:伊朗高速鱼雷的骗局
    中国53-65KE反舰鱼雷
    中国TEST-71反潜鱼雷
    中国YU-5反潜鱼雷
    中国YU-4反舰鱼雷
    (只显示最新5条。评论内容只代表网友观点,与本站立场无关!)
    | 设为首页 | 加入收藏 | 联系站长 | 友情链接 | 版权申明 | 管理登录 |