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中国海军“千岛湖”(QIANDAOHU)级舰队再补给船
QIANDAOHU CLASS FLEET REPLENISHMENT SHIP
作者:环球展望军事网编译 来源:今日中国防务网 更新时间:2005-11-13 【字体:


“千岛湖”(Qiandaohu)级与早先的再补足给船比较是更大的、更现代化。船的服役将会改良PLA海军在深海中操作能力。Compared to previous replenishment, the Qiandaohu class is larger and more modernised. The commission of the ship will improve the PLA Navy’s capability to operate in deep oceans.

    二艘新的多品种再补给船,“千岛湖”(Qiandaohu)级(北约代号:Fuchi级),为PLA海军(PLAN)已经在2003/04年被建造。第一艘,“千岛湖”(Qiandaohu),舷号886号,在上海的沪东-“中华”(Zhonghua)造船厂建造并且在2003年7月下水。船在 2005年4月30日进入东海舰队服役。第二艘,“微山湖”(Weishanhu),舷号887号,在广州的“黄埔”(Huangpu)造船厂建造。

    计划

    PLA海军已经从1980年早期以后操作三艘大型快速再补给船,但是只有其中之一是能够真正多品种再补给船,可以在海上再补给军舰燃料、储存、武器设备和军需品,其余二艘都为舰队油轮。PLAN已经开始追赶去获得在深海、需要高速、大-尺寸、多品种再补给船的操作能力,目前已经限制了它的能力。


“千岛湖”(Qiandaohu)级是最先进的多品种舰队再补给船和PLA海军服役中。该级的等一艘“千岛湖”(Qiandaohu),舷号886号,在2005年4月按计划在东海舰队进入了服役。Qiandaohu class is the most advanced multi-product fleet replenishment ship in service with the PLA Navy. The first of the class Qiandaohu (886) entered service with the PLAN East Sea Fleet in April 2005.

    在2003年后期,从英特网图片确认一艘新的编号886的大型再补给船已经在上海沪东-“中华”(Zhonghua)造船厂下水,据说在2003年7月下水。在2004年底之前补给船已经完成它的系统安装和海试。在2005年6月,中国媒体确认船已经在2005年4月30日按计划在东海舰队东服役,被命名为“千岛湖”(Qiandaohu)。同时,舷号887号的第二艘船正在广州“黄埔”(Huangpu)造船厂建造。补给船据传命名为“微山湖”(Weishanhu),并且在2005年后期内可能计划进入服役。




“千岛湖”(Qiandaohu)级的第二艘,“微山湖”( Weishanhu),舷号887,在海试中。补给船用于PLA南海舰队在广州的“黄埔”(Huangpu)造船厂建造。The second hull of the class, Weishanhu (887), in sea trial. The ship is built by Huangpu Shipyard in Guangzhou for the PLA South Sea fleet.

    “千岛湖”(Qiandaohu)级中国雄心勃勃建立“蓝海”海军计划的一个部分,有能力远离它的海岸线到达远海。再补给船能够支持一般用途任务群,水陆两栖任务群或甚至航空母舰战斗群。

    武器

    补给船被装备四门76 A型双管-37毫米高射炮,射速400发/分钟、射程9.4公里。

    直升飞机


“千岛湖”(Qiandaohu)级的尾部。配备有一个较大的直升飞机悬挂装置和飞行甲板。它也是第一艘PLA再补给船安装高射机枪用于自防御。The stern view of the Qiandaohu class. The ship is fitted with a large helicopter hanger and flight deck. It is also the first PLA replenishment to be armed with anti-aircraft artillery guns for self-defence.

    补给船能够容纳一架Z-8中型直升飞机。一个较大的飞行甲板和一个直升飞机悬挂装置位于船的尾部。这些设备提供给补给船一个提高的能力,用于垂直再补给(VERTREP)旁边一艘在任务组中军舰,包括使用直升飞机从舰-舰摆渡补给。VERTREP能使用去加速再补给使用RAS装置的一艘船的程序,或再储存另外的一艘船不需要携带的燃料。

    推进

    补给船可能安装二台柴油发动机使用双轴驱动。

    配置

命名
舷号
时间
舰队
“千岛湖”(Qiandaohu) 886 2005 东海舰队
“微山湖”(Weishanhu) 887 ? ?

    规格

    尺寸: 长度,178.5 米;船宽24.8 米;吃水线8.7 米
    排水量: 20,000+ 吨

    附原文供对照参考:

QIANDAOHU CLASS FLEET REPLENISHMENT SHIP

Two new multi-product replenishment ships, the Qiandaohu class (NATO codename: Fuchi class ), have been built for the PLA Navy (PLAN) in 2003/04. The first, Qiandaohu (pennant number 886), was built at Hudong-Zhonghua Shipyard in Shanghai and launched in July 2003. The ship entered service with the PLAN East Sea Fleet on 30 April 2005. The second, Weishanhu (pennant number 887), was built by Huangpu Shipyard in Guangzhou.

PROGRAMME

The PLA Navy has been operating three large fleet replenishment ships since the early 1980s, but only one of them is real multi-product replenishment ship capable of re-supplying warships at sea with fuel, stores, weapon equipment and munitions, with the rest two being fleet tankers. The PLAN is known to have been pursuing the capability to operate in deep, and the lack of high-speed, large-size, multi-product replenishment ships has been limited its ability of doing so.

In late 2003 Internet photos confirmed that a new large replenishment ship with pennant number 886 was had been launched at Shanghai-based Hudong-Zhonghua Shipyard. The ship was said to have been launched in July 2003. By the end of 2004 the ship had completed its system installation and sea trial. In June 2005, Chinese media confirmed that the ship, which was named Qiandaohu, had been commissioned in the PLAN East Sea Fleet on 30 April 2005. At the same time, a second ship (pennant number 887) was under construction at Guangzhou-based Huangpu Shipyard. The ship was reportedly named Weishanhu and may enter service with the PLAN in late 2005.

The commission of the Qiandaohu class is a part of China’s ambitious plan to build a “blue water” navy that can reach waters far away from its coastline. The replenishment ships are capable of supporting general purpose task groups, amphibious task groups, or even aircraft carrier battle groups.

WEAPONS

The ship is armed four Type 76A dual-37 mm anti-aircraft guns that fire shells at a rate of 400 rounds/min to a range of 9.4km for airborne targets.

HELICOPTERS

The ship is capable of supporting a Z-8 size medium helicopter. A large flight deck and a helicopter hanger are located at the stern of the ship. This facility gives the ship an enhanced capability to re-supply warships in a task group by vertical replenishment (VERTREP). which involves using helicopters to ferry supplies from ship to ship. VERTREP may be used to speed up the process of replenishing a ship on one of the RAS rigs, or to re-store another vessel that does not need to take fuel onboard.

PROPULSION

The ship may be powered by two diesel engines with two shafts.

DEPLOYMENT

Name Penant Year Fleet
Qiandaohu 886 2005 East Sea 
Weishanhu 887 ? ?

SPECIFICATIONS

Dimensions: Length 178.5m; beam 24.8m; draft 8.7m
Displacement: 20,000+ tonnes

文章录入:军闻    责任编辑:《环球展望》 
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