|您现在的位置： 环球展望军事 >> 原创专稿 >> 中国军事 >> 中国陆军 >> 正文||用户登录 新用户注册|
|TIEMA XC2200 HEAVY-DUTY TRUCK|
|作者：环球展望军事网编译 来源：今日中国防务 更新时间：2005-11-28 【字体：小 大】|
中国Tiema XC2200重载卡车由西南汽车厂（现在北方- 奔驰卡车公司分部）制造，位于重庆（Chongqing）市。卡车以德国梅赛德斯-奔驰2060型卡车为基础。目前卡车在PLA服役中，被当做重型工程设备卡车和武器系统车底盘。
Tiema XC2200（最初即是TM-SC2030）的发展，梅赛德斯- 奔驰2060型的一个中国仿造型，从1980年早期开始。 西南汽车厂，一个中国北方工业总公司（NORINCO）位于重庆（Chongqing）市的下属公司，被选择当做主承包商。1982年看到了原型的介绍。稍后在1985年中国从西德引进了ZF机械变速箱和KHD413风冷柴油发动机技术，两者在Tiema XC2200卡车上被采用。
TIEMA XC2200 HEAVY-DUTY TRUCK
The Tiema XC2200 heavy-duty truck is built by Southwest Automobile Works (now part of North-Benz Truck Corporation) based at Chongqing city. The truck is based on the German Mercedes-Benz 2060 truck. Currently the truck is in service with the PLA as heavyweight engineering equipment carrier and weapon system chassis.
The PLA ordered a small number of the German Mercedes-Benz 2026 heavy-duty truck (8-ton capacity, 6X6) in the late 1970s to supplement its insufficient heavy-duty truck fleet. These trucks were mainly used for heavy artillery towing role. The PLA was very impressed with the performance of the vehicle and approached Mercedes-Benz for a licensed co-production of the truck in China.
The development of the Tiema XC2200 (originally known as TM-SC2030), a Chinese copy of the Mercedes-Benz 2060, began in the early 1980s. The Southwest Automobile Works, a NORINCO subordinate company located in Chongqing city, was chosen as the main contractor. The year 1982 saw the introduction of a prototype. Later in 1985 China imported the ZF mechanical gearbox and KHD413 air-cooled diesel technologies from West Germany, both of which were used on the Tiema XC2200 truck.
The XC2200 batch production began in 1986, with 2,000 vehicles rolling out from the assembly line each year. Most of these vehicles were accepted by the PLA for heavy cargo/equipment transportation, artillery towing, and weapon system chassis. The vehicle demonstrated excellent performance and reliability in regions with China’s most harsh road and weather conditions including Tibet highland and Gobi desert. As well as being deployed by the PLA, the vehicle was also exported to Pakistan, Thailand, Indonesia, and Sri Lanka.
The XC2200 has a two-door forward control cab with four seats and an observation hatch in the cab roof, mounted above the engine compartment. The rear cargo body is provided with a drop tailgate and sides, removable bows, and canvas cover. The single spare wheel is mounted vertically behind the crew cab, adjacent to a stowage space between the cab and rear cargo body. This space could be used to accommodate a repairing tools box and other loading/unloading equipment.
Compared to the first-generation indigenous heavy-duty trucks, the XC2200 has a much better general performance, with a maximum road speed of 85 km/h, and an off-road loading capacity of 8-ton. The ZF5S-110/111GPA gearbox has nine forward and one reverse gears. The three axles and six wheels all operate with speed differential locking devices, which ensure that the vehicle still has drive, even when one or more wheels on one side of the vehicle are not in contact with the ground, or have lost traction.
Apart from the basic cargo carrier variant, the XC2200 is also available in many other derivatives, including 4X4, 8X8, long wheel base cargo, crane, shelters, bridge carrier, boat carrier, road laying vehicle, and chassis for a range of weapon systems. China has also developed WZ551 wheeled armoured personnel carrier based on the design of the XC2200.