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|BJ2020SJ LIGHTWEIGHT UTILITY VEHICLE|
|作者：环球展望军事网编译 来源：今日中国防务 更新时间：2005-11-22 【字体：小 大】|
在1983年5月宣布美国汽车公司（AMC）和北京汽车厂之间的生产合作协议已经签署。协议确定北京吉普车公司（BJC）在中国生产吉普车XJ切诺基（Cherokee）。BJ212的生产也被转移到新成立的BJC，而且车辆升级使用一台切诺基85 hp发动机。升级后的北京吉普被重新命名为BJ2020S，代替BJ212去成为PLA服役中的标准轻型多用途车辆 。
BJ212动力采用一台2.445公升水冷、4缸、4冲程发动机，在3,800 rmp是提供75 hp动力。车辆有3个前进档和1个倒车档，采用手动变速。
BJ2020SJ LIGHTWEIGHT UTILITY VEHICLE
The Beijing Jeep Corporation (BJC) BJ2020S is a 4X4 lightweight utility vehicle used by the PLA as a light tactical transportation vehicle for commanders or liaison officers, small troop carrier or as a platform for lightweight weapons. The BJ2020S was derived from the famous BJ212, a Chinese copy of the Soviet UAZ469B originally introduced in the 1960s. Today, the BJ2020S remains the most popular lightweight utility vehicle in service with the PLA.
Beijing Automobile Works began to develop an indigenous lightweight utility vehicle for army use in the early 1960s. The resulting BJ212, which is based on the design of the Soviet UAZ469B commander jeep, was introduced in 1965. Soon the so-called “Beijing Jeep” became one of the most popular light vehicles in both military and civilian services in China. A range of variants were developed, including command and control vehicles, troop carriers, communications vehicles, artillery observer vehicles, anti-NBC vehicles, electronic warfare vehicles and the anti-tank gun carriers with a 105mm recoilless anti-tank gun mounted. By the time the production of BJ212 finally stopped in 1983, a total of 200,000 examples had been produced.
In May 1983 it was announced that a production agreement between the American Motors Corporation (AMC) and Beijing Automobile Works had been signed. The agreement established the Beijing Jeep Corporation (BJC) to produce the Jeep XJ Cherokee in China. The production of the BJ212 was also transferred the newly founded BJC and the vehicle was upgraded with a Cherokee 85hp engine. The upgraded Beijing Jeep, renamed BJ2020S, replaced the BJ212 to become the standard lightweight utility vehicle in service with the PLA.
The BJ2020S, like its ancestor BJ212, is available in two basic forms: the standard 5-seat variant BJ2020S and the longer body 7-seat variant BJ2020SA. Their military versions are known as BJ2020SJ and Bj2020SAJ. Currently the PLA and BJC are developing a new generation lightweight utility vehicle to replace the ageing BJ2020S.
The BJ2020 series is a 0.5-ton class 4-wheel drive vehicle. The basic variant BJ2020SJ has 4 passenger seats (excluding driver), and the BJ2020SAJ has a longer body to accommodate 7 passengers. The vehicle has a soft canvas-top.
Compared to the BJ212, the improvements on the BJ2020S series include new dash board, 85 hp water-cooled gasoline engine, modified 4-speed gear box, and new tyres. Both BAW and BJC are manufacturing BJ2020 series, with some minor difference existing between the models manufactured by the two companies.
The BJ212 is powered by a 2.445 litre water-cooled, 4 cylinder, in-line 4-stroke patrol, developing 75hp at 3,800rmp. The vehicle has a manual gearbox with 3 forward gears and 1 reverse gear.
The BJ2020S has a 85hp engine. A manual gearbox (4 forward and 1 reverse), with syncromesh on 2nd and 3rd gear, single dry plate clutch, and 2 speed transfer box.
The vehicle has longitudinal semi-elliptical leaf springs with hydraulic double-acting telescopic shock absorber.
Date Last Updated: 13 November 05