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中国BJ2020SJ轻型多用途车辆
BJ2020SJ LIGHTWEIGHT UTILITY VEHICLE
作者:环球展望军事网编译 来源:今日中国防务 更新时间:2005-11-22 【字体:


BJ2020S系列是在中国军队和安全部门服役中最流行的轻型多用途车辆。(The BJ2020S series is the most popular light utility vehicle in service with the Chinese military and security forces.)

    北京吉普车公司(BJC)BJ2020S是一种4X4轻型多用途车辆,被PLA使用当做一种轻型战术运输车辆用于指挥官或联络官员,小型运兵车或被当做一个用于轻型武器的平台。BJ2020S起源于著名的BJ212,苏联UAZ469B的一个中国仿造型,在1960年引进中国。今天,BJ2020S保持在PLA服役中最流行的轻型多用途车辆。


基本型BJ2020S是0.5吨级的一种4轮驱动车辆。设计与俄国吉普车UAZ-469 B非常相似。车辆使用被当做一种轻型战术运输车辆用于指挥官或联络官员、小型运兵车或当做用于轻型武器的平台。(The basic BJ2020S is a 4-wheel drive vehicle of the 0.5-ton class. The design is very similar to that of the Russian jeep UAZ-469B. The vehicle is used as a light tactical transportation vehicle for commanders or liaison officers, small troop carrier or as a platform for lightweight weapons.)

    计划

    北京汽车厂开始在1960年早期,为军方使用发展一种本国生产的轻型多用途车辆。以苏联UAZ469B指挥官吉普车的设计为基础,产生了BJ212,在1965年被推出。很快这种所谓的“北京吉普车”变成军用和民用两者最流行的轻型车辆之一。多种改型被发展,包括指挥和管理车辆、运兵车、通信车、火炮观察车、防核、生、化车、电子战车辆和安装使用105毫米无后座力反坦克炮的反坦克炮车。BJ212的生产在1983年最后停止之前,已经生产总数为200,000辆。


75式105毫米反坦克炮在特别修改的Bj2020SJ上安装。车辆以一个用于炮管的开口风挡玻璃和一个比较短后车体为特色。(The Type 75 105mm anti-tank gun mounted on a specially modified Bj2020SJ. The vehicle features a split windscreen for the gun barrel and a shorter rear body.)


基于BJ2020SAJ的HJ-8反坦克导弹车。后车身已经被特别地修改,去容纳导弹发射装置和人员。当车辆在运行状态时,导弹发射人员能退到车辆之内。(An HJ-8 anti-tank missile carrier based on the BJ2020SAJ. The rear body of the vehicle has been specially modified to accommodate the missile launcher. While the vehicle is in travelling mode, the missile launcher can be retreated to hide inside the vehicle.)


为PLA特种部队专门修改的BJ2020SA。(A BJ2020SA with special modifications for the PLA special operations forces.)


PLA特种部队的一种快速攻击车辆。车辆来自特别增强性能的BJ2020S。(A fast attack vehicle of the PLA special operations forces. The vehicle was derived from the BJ2020S with specially enhanced features.)

    在1983年5月宣布美国汽车公司(AMC)和北京汽车厂之间的生产合作协议已经签署。协议确定北京吉普车公司(BJC)在中国生产吉普车XJ切诺基(Cherokee)。BJ212的生产也被转移到新成立的BJC,而且车辆升级使用一台切诺基85 hp发动机。升级后的北京吉普被重新命名为BJ2020S,代替BJ212去成为PLA服役中的标准轻型多用途车辆 。

    BJ2020S,像它的前辈BJ212,可得到二种基本的型号:标准5-座位型BJ2020S和较长车体7-座位型BJ2020SA。他们的军用型即是BJ2020SJ和Bj2020SAJ。现在PLA和BJC正在发展一种新一代轻型多用途车辆代替过时的BJ2020S。


BJ2020SAJ被PLA用于安全突击。BJ2020S系列是PLA的骨干。(A BJ2020SAJ used by the PLA for security purpose. The BJ2020S series is the workhorse of the PLA.)


一辆基于BJ2020SA的飞机牵引车。(An aircraft towing vehicle based on the BJ2020SA.)

    设计

    BJ2020系列是一种0.5吨级4轮驱动车辆。基本型BJ2020SJ有4个乘客位子(不包括驾驶员座位);BJ2020SAJ采用较长的车体,能容纳7位乘客。车辆采用一个柔软帆布顶蓬。

    比拟BJ212,在BJ2020S系列上的进步包括新仪表盘,85 hp水冷汽油发动机,改进4速齿轮箱和新的轮胎。BAW和BJC正在制造BJ2020系列,在被二家公司制造的样式之间存在一些较小的差别。

    BJ212动力采用一台2.445公升水冷、4缸、4冲程发动机,在3,800 rmp是提供75 hp动力。车辆有3个前进档和1个倒车档,采用手动变速。

    BJ2020S有一台85 hp发动机。一个手动变速箱(4个前进档和1个倒车档),在第二和第三传动机构上同步啮合,单一干式圆盘离合器和2个速度传动箱。

    车辆装有纵向半椭圆形片弹簧和液压双动式伸缩筒式减震器。

    规格

BJ2020SJ
BJ2020SAJ
座位(Seating) 1+4 1+7
配置(Configuration) 4X4 4X4
重量(Weight (empty)) 2,005kg 2,150kg
最大负载(Maximum Load) 425kg 600kg
牵引负载(Towed Load) 800kg 800kg
长度(Length) 3.86m 4.00m
宽度(Width) 1.76m 1.76m
高度(Height) 1.81m 1.97m
轴距(Wheel Base) 2.300m 2.300m
轮距(Track (front/rear)) 1.440m/1.440m 1.440m/1.440m
离地间隙(Ground Clearance) 0.21m 0.21m
最大速度(Max Speed) 100km/h 100km/h
坡度(Gradient) 22.5 度-degree (使用拖车,with trailer); 30 degree (减去拖车,less trailer) 22.5 度-degree (使用拖车,with trailer); 30 degree (减去拖车,less trailer)
涉水(Fording) 0.50m 0.55m

    附原文供对照参考:

BJ2020SJ LIGHTWEIGHT UTILITY VEHICLE

The Beijing Jeep Corporation (BJC) BJ2020S is a 4X4 lightweight utility vehicle used by the PLA as a light tactical transportation vehicle for commanders or liaison officers, small troop carrier or as a platform for lightweight weapons. The BJ2020S was derived from the famous BJ212, a Chinese copy of the Soviet UAZ469B originally introduced in the 1960s. Today, the BJ2020S remains the most popular lightweight utility vehicle in service with the PLA.

PROGRAMME

Beijing Automobile Works began to develop an indigenous lightweight utility vehicle for army use in the early 1960s. The resulting BJ212, which is based on the design of the Soviet UAZ469B commander jeep, was introduced in 1965. Soon the so-called “Beijing Jeep” became one of the most popular light vehicles in both military and civilian services in China. A range of variants were developed, including command and control vehicles, troop carriers, communications vehicles, artillery observer vehicles, anti-NBC vehicles, electronic warfare vehicles and the anti-tank gun carriers with a 105mm recoilless anti-tank gun mounted. By the time the production of BJ212 finally stopped in 1983, a total of 200,000 examples had been produced.

In May 1983 it was announced that a production agreement between the American Motors Corporation (AMC) and Beijing Automobile Works had been signed. The agreement established the Beijing Jeep Corporation (BJC) to produce the Jeep XJ Cherokee in China. The production of the BJ212 was also transferred the newly founded BJC and the vehicle was upgraded with a Cherokee 85hp engine. The upgraded Beijing Jeep, renamed BJ2020S, replaced the BJ212 to become the standard lightweight utility vehicle in service with the PLA.

The BJ2020S, like its ancestor BJ212, is available in two basic forms: the standard 5-seat variant BJ2020S and the longer body 7-seat variant BJ2020SA. Their military versions are known as BJ2020SJ and Bj2020SAJ. Currently the PLA and BJC are developing a new generation lightweight utility vehicle to replace the ageing BJ2020S.

DESIGN

The BJ2020 series is a 0.5-ton class 4-wheel drive vehicle. The basic variant BJ2020SJ has 4 passenger seats (excluding driver), and the BJ2020SAJ has a longer body to accommodate 7 passengers. The vehicle has a soft canvas-top.

Compared to the BJ212, the improvements on the BJ2020S series include new dash board, 85 hp water-cooled gasoline engine, modified 4-speed gear box, and new tyres. Both BAW and BJC are manufacturing BJ2020 series, with some minor difference existing between the models manufactured by the two companies.

The BJ212 is powered by a 2.445 litre water-cooled, 4 cylinder, in-line 4-stroke patrol, developing 75hp at 3,800rmp. The vehicle has a manual gearbox with 3 forward gears and 1 reverse gear.

The BJ2020S has a 85hp engine. A manual gearbox (4 forward and 1 reverse), with syncromesh on 2nd and 3rd gear, single dry plate clutch, and 2 speed transfer box.

The vehicle has longitudinal semi-elliptical leaf springs with hydraulic double-acting telescopic shock absorber.

SPECIFICATIONS

  BJ2020SJ BJ2020SAJ
Seating 1+4 1+7
Configuration 4X4 4X4
Weight (empty) 2,005kg 2,150kg
Maximum Load 425kg 600kg
Towed Load 800kg 800kg
Length 3.86m 4.00m
Width 1.76m 1.76m
Height 1.81m 1.97m
Wheel Base 2.300m 2.300m
Track (front/rear) 1.440m/1.440m 1.440m/1.440m
Ground Clearance 0.21m 0.21m
Max Speed 100km/h 100km/h
Gradient 22.5 degree (with trailer); 30 degree (less trailer) 22.5 degree (with trailer); 30 degree (less trailer)
Fording 0.50m 0.55m

Date Last Updated: 13 November 05

文章录入:军闻    责任编辑:《环球展望》 
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