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中国军用NJ2045/2046越野卡车
NJ2045/2046 CROSS-COUNTRY CARRIER
作者:环球展望军事网编译 来源:今日中国防务 更新时间:2005-11-13 【字体:


民用小型公共汽车由南京Iveco生产,已经从1990年开始在PLA中服役。专用增强军用型NJ2045在2001/02年开始服役。(The civilian minibus vans by Nanjing Iveco has been in service with the PLA in the 1990s for general non-combat purpose. The special enhanced military variant NJ2045 became available in 2001/02.)

    NJ2045/2046是由南京“依维可”(Iveco)汽车公司公司制造的1.5吨越野运输车,一个由南京“跃进”(Yuejin)汽车公司和意大利汽车制造商Iveco公司组成的共同投资公司,Iveco公司是更大的Iveco Fiat-Otobreda联合企业一部份。车辆的设计以Iveco乘客/货物货车为基础。NJ2045是军队/货物货车主要地用于道路旅行,NJ2046 是高机动性轻型卡车具有越野旅行的特点。


越野型NJ2046(前景)和NJ2045旅行测试。车辆都已经被PLA在中国的一些最恶劣条件下经过道路和越野测试。(NJ2046 (foreground) and NJ2045 (background) in off-road travelling test. Both vehicles have passed the road and off-road tests by the PLA in some of the most harsh conditions in China.)

    计划

    南京NJ2045/2046提供一个轻型战术4X4卡车用于军队、货物、掩蔽所和武器系统。从Iveco的民用小型公共汽车上发展,NJ2046具有有限的越野能力。除了服役被当做一种标准的乘客车,车辆也能被修改被当做指挥&控制车辆、救护车、轻型卡车和掩蔽所。车辆可采用标准轴距和长轴距。


长轴距救护车配置的NJ2045。NJ2045/2046系列以意大利Iveco的民用小型公共汽车技术为基础。车辆的车底盘已经被修改去提供有限的越野旅行能力。(NJ2045 in the long wheelbase ambulance configuration. The NJ2045/2046 series is based on the Italian Iveco’s civilian minibus van technology. The chassis of the vehicle has been modified to give it limited cross-country travelling capability.)

    NJ-2046共用NJ2045的车底盘,但是由于专用功能,像是比较高的离地间隙和增强的车体用于越野旅行。车辆在PLA服役中被当做公用载重汽车、医疗撤退、边境巡逻车、伞兵车和反坦克导弹车。车辆可空运和能使用复式降落伞从空中投放。车辆的第一次空投测试在 2002年4月8日进行。车辆在800米高度被一架运输机空投,吊挂在五个降落伞下安全地着地。



越野NJ2046旅行测试。车辆专门为军队和安全部门使用。NJ2045/2046以Iveco的技术为基础,世界领先的军用车辆设计和生产的公司。(NJ2046 in off-road travelling test. The vehicle is purposely built for military and security forces users. The NJ2045/2046 is based on the technology of Iveco, a world leading company in the design and production of military vehicles.)


NJ2046轻型卡车使用软式帆布车顶。车辆有一种能被运输机使用复式降落伞空投的空运型。车辆提供一个高机动性、多用途战场运输给PLA空降部队。(The NJ2046 light truck with soft canvas roof. The vehicle has an airborne version which can be airdropped by transport aircraft using multiple parachutes. The vehicle provides a high-mobility, versatile battlefield transport for the PLA airborne forces.)


HJ-9反坦克导弹车基于NJ2046。能从运输机被空投的高机动车辆,携带对抗敌人装甲部队的一个致命的武器。(The HJ-9 antitank missile carrier based on the NJ2046. The highly mobile vehicle, which can be airdropped from transport aircraft, carries a lethal punch against enemy armoured troops.)

    南京Iveco在1997年开始发展4X4军用型,被当做小型公共汽车去符合PLA对一种类似车辆的增加需求。NJ2045 的发展在开始批量生产之前持续达五年之久。NJ2046 的发展在1999年开始和在2000后期结束。2003年5月报道称南京Iveco的意图在两年后去增加生产每年达到30,000辆,尤其符合对专用车辆的增长需求--消防车、救护车和军用卡车。

    设计

    NJ2045和NJ2046两者被2,798公升水冷直列四缸涡轮增压柴油发动机提供动力,在3,600转/每分钟功率87 kW。车辆有一个手动变速箱,有5个前进挡和1个倒车挡。

    规格

NJ2045
NJ2046
座位(Seating) 1+8 1+10
配置(Configuration) 4X4 4X4
重量(Weight) (空车-empty) 2,850kg 2,950kg
最大负载(Max load) 1,600kg 1,600kg
牵引负载(Towed Load) N/A N/A
长度(Length) 4.855m 4.955m
宽度(Width) 2.080m 2.000m
高度(Height) 2.435m 2.300m
轴距(Wheel base) 2.800m 2.800m
轮距(Track) (前/后-front/rear) 1.670m/1.670m 1.670m/1.670m
最大速度(Max speed) 95km/h 100km/h
最大坡度(Max gradient) 60% 60%
涉水(Fording) 0.70m 0.75m

    附原文供对照参考:

NJ2045/2046 CROSS-COUNTRY CARRIER

NJ2045/2046 is the 1.5t cross-country carrier vehicle built by Nanjing Iveco Motor Co. Ltd., a joint venture formed by Nanjing Yuejin Motor Corporation and Italian car manufacturer Iveco Corporation, a part of the larger Iveco Fiat-Otobreda combine. The vehicle’s design is based on the Iveco passenger/cargo van. The NJ2045 is a troop/cargo van mainly for road travelling, while the NJ2046 is the high-mobility light truck enhanced with cross-country travelling features.

PROGRAMME

The Nanjing NJ2045/2046 provides a lightweight tactical 4X4 carrier for troops, cargo, shelter, and weapon systems. Developed from the Iveco’s civilian minibus van, the NJ2046 has a limited cross-country capability. As well as serving as a standard passenger carrier, the vehicle can also be modified to serve as command & control vehicle, ambulance, light truck, and shelter. The vehicle is available in standard wheelbase and long wheelbase versions.

The NJ-2046 shares same chassis as the NJ2045, but with special features such as higher ground clearance and enhanced body for off-road travelling. The vehicle is in service with the PLA as utility truck, medical evacuation, border patrol vehicle, paratrooper carrier, and anti-tank missile carrier. The vehicle is air transportable and can be air dropped with multiple parachutes. The first airdrop test of the vehicle was conducted on 8 April 2002. The vehicle was dropped by a transport plane at 800m altitude and landed safely under five parachutes.

Nanjing Iveco began to develop the 4X4 military version of its minibus van in 1997 to meet the PLA’s growing demand for such a vehicle. The development of the NJ2045 lasted for five years before the batch production began. The development of NJ2046 began in 1999 and was finalised in late 2000. A May 2003 report noted Nanjing Iveco’s intention to increase production to 30,000 units annually over the following two years, especially to meet a growing need for “special vehicles” -- fire engines, ambulances and military trucks.

DESIGN

Both NJ2045 and NJ2046 are powered by a 2,798 litre, water-cooled, straight-four, turbo-charged diesel engine, developing 87kW at 3,600 rpm. The vehicle has a manual gear box with 5 forward and 1 reverse gear.

SPECIFICATIONS

  NJ2045 NJ2046
Seating 1+8 1+10
Configuration 4X4 4X4
Weight (empty) 2,850kg 2,950kg
Max load 1,600kg 1,600kg
Towed Load N/A N/A
Length 4.855m 4.955m
Width 2.080m 2.000m
Height 2.435m 2.300m
Wheel base 2.800m 2.800m
Track (front/rear) 1.670m/1.670m 1.670m/1.670m
Max speed 95km/h 100km/h
Max gradient 60% 60%
Fording 0.70m 0.75m

文章录入:军闻    责任编辑:《环球展望》 
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