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中国PTL02攻击坦克歼击车
PTL02 ASSAULT TANK DESTROYER
作者:环球展望军事网编译 来源:今日中国防务网 更新时间:2005-9-29 【字体:


PTL02轮式坦克歼击车装备使用一门105毫米线膛炮被中国北方工业总公司(NORINCO)发展用于新的轻型(快速反应)机械化步兵师。(The PTL02 wheeled assault tank destroyer armed with a 105mm rifled gun was developed by NORINCO for the PLA new light (rapid reaction) mechanised infantry divisions.)

    PTL02轮式攻击坦克歼击车装备使用一门105毫米线膛炮被中国北方工业总公司(NORINCO)发展用于解放军新的轻型(快速反应)机械化步兵师。歼击车有一个三人炮塔起源于88式主战坦克(MBT)和基于WZ551式装甲人员输送车(APC)的6X6轮式车底盘。中国官员已经确认目前车辆在生产中。

    计划

    在多种基于WZ551 APC系列轮式底盘的自行火炮系统中,PTL02攻击坦克歼击车解放军现役中的第一种。现在车辆部署在基于WZ551范围的装甲车辆新近建立的轻机械化步兵师炮兵团。至少三个轻机械化步兵师被装备两者轮式和履带式战车已经据传闻组建,包括精锐济南(Jinan)军区第127师(隶属第54集团军)。

    比拟传统的全履带式战车,PTL02的轮式底盘使它能够经由高速公路/道路网快速地展开。战斗重量19吨,它也能够进入一架中型运输机之内搭载。一架Y-8能携带两辆这种车辆,一架IL-76 MD能够携带三辆。

    105毫米主炮坦克歼击车打击轻装甲车辆和防御工事,但是不能够摧毁一辆全副装备的主战坦克(MBT)。中国北方工业总公司(NORINCO)是基于一种更强有力的 120毫米无膛线主炮发展新的坦克歼击车,而且采用更沉重的8X8轮式底盘。

    设计

    PTL02以许多的成熟技术和设计为基础。系统被携带在一辆WZ551 6X6 轮式装甲人员输送车(APC),动力装置在前部,战斗隔舱在中部和弹药在后部。坦克歼击车全体组员四名(指挥官、炮手、装弹员和驾驶员)。三人炮塔从88式主战坦克(MBT)的炮塔被发展。

    武器


PTL02的105 毫米主炮和它的火控系统起源于88式主战坦克。(The 105mm main gun and its fire control system onboard the PTL02 was derived from the Type 88 main battle tank.)

    主武器是一门105毫米高膛压低后座力线膛炮,能发射使用钨杆的尾翼稳定脱壳穿甲弹(APFSDS)和反坦克高爆弹(HEAT)、高爆弹(HE)。车辆携带30枚弹药。

    射击精度获得是采用一套原始的FCS光电火控系统使用红外夜视瞄准具和激光测距仪输入。相同的火控系统在88式主战坦克(MBT)上也被安装。

    中国也已经发展基于俄国堡垒(Bastion)技术的105毫米炮射导弹。导弹有最大射程的4,000~5,000米和超过90%的一个单发攻击概率(对抗静止的目标)。除了用于反装甲战斗,导弹也能用来攻击低飞的空中目标,像是直升飞机。

    附加的武器包括12.7豪米/.50防空机枪被安装在指挥炮塔上,最大射程2,000米连同480发弹药,还有一挺7.62毫米共轴机枪连同800发弹药。在炮塔每侧安装一具四管烟榴弹发射器。

    保护

    PTL02的装甲保护是相当有限的,唯一的有能力抵抗7.62毫米口径武器。在炮塔的每侧上有四个烟榴弹发射器。组员被提供一套集体的核、生、化保护系统和一个自动灭火抑制系统。

    推进


PTL02最大道路速度85 公里/小时,轮胎能在损坏情况下支持车辆以30公里/小时的速度行进100公里。

    坦克歼击车安装一台德国设计的BF8L413F 4冲程8气缸涡轮增压风冷柴油机,标准动力2,500 转/分钟235千瓦(320马力)。

    车辆有9个前进档和1个后退档,使用机械式齿轮箱,动力协助操纵和独立悬挂。它的中央充气系统能够依照道路状态调整轮胎压力。轮胎能在损坏情况下支持车辆以30公里/小时的速度行进100公里。

    规格

    组员: 4
    重量: 19 吨
    发动机:235 kW(320 hp) BF8L413F 4-冲程,8-气缸,涡轮增压,空气冷却式柴油发动机
    传动:机械
    悬挂:独立
    配置:6 X6
    尺寸:长度8.30 米;宽度:2.86 米
    行程:600 公里
    速度:最大道路 85 公里/小时
    主炮:105 毫米线膛炮(30发弹药)
    附加武器:一挺同轴 7.62 毫米机枪;一挺 12.7 毫米防空机枪
    火控:FCS光点火控系统红外夜视瞄准具和激光测距仪输入

    附原文供对照参考:

PTL02 ASSAULT TANK DESTROYER

The PTL02 wheeled assault tank destroyer armed with a 105mm rifled gun was developed by NORINCO for the PLA new light (rapid reaction) mechanised infantry divisions. The vehicle has a three-man turret derived from the Type 88 MBT, and a 6X6 wheeled chassis based on the WZ551 APC. Chinese officials have confirmed that the vehicle is now in production.

PROGRAMME

Among a variety of self-propelled artillery systems based on the wheeled chassis of the WZ551 APC family, the PTL02 assault tank destroyer is the first to have entered active service with the PLA. Currently the vehicle is deployed in the artillery regiment of newly formed light mechanised infantry divisions based around WZ551 wheeled armoured vehicles. At least three light mechanised infantry divisions equipped with both wheeled and tracked fighting vehicles have been reportedly formed, including the elite 127 th Division (under 54 th Group Army) in Jinan Military Region.

Compared to the conventional full-tracked fighting vehicles, the wheedled chassis of the PTL02 enables it to be deployed rapidly via motorway/road networks. With a combat weight of 19t, it can also be fitted into a medium-size transport aircraft. A Y-8 may carry two of such vehicles and an IL-76MD may carry three.

The 105mm main gun of the tank destroyer is capable of engaging lightly armoured vehicles and fortifications, but is unable to destroy a heavily armed main battle tanks (MBT). NORINCO is developing new tank destroyers based on a more powerful 120mm smoothbore main gun and a heavier 8X8 wheeled chassis.

DESIGN

The PTL02 is based on a number of mature technologies and designs. The system is carried on a WZ551 6X6 wheeled armoured personnel carrier, with the powerpack in front, combat compartment in middle, and ammunitions at rear. The tank destroyer has a crew has a crew of four (commander, gunner, loader and driver). The three-man turret is developed from the turret of the Type 88 MBT.

ARMAMENT

The main weapon is a 105mm high-pressure, low-recoil rifled gun, which can fire armour piercing fin stabilised discarding sabot (APFSDS) with tungsten core, as well as HEAT and HE rounds. The vehicle carries 30 rounds.

Fire accuracy is attained by a primitive FCS light spot fire control system with IR night vision and laser rangefinder input. The same fire control system is also fitted on the Type 88 MBT.

China has also developed the 105mm gun-launched missile based on the Russian Bastion technology. The missile has a maximum range of 4,000~5,000m and a single hit probability (against static targets) of over 90%. As well as being used for anti-armour warfare, the missile can also be used to attack low-flying air targets such as helicopters.

Auxiliary weapons include one 12.7mm/50-calibre anti-aircraft machinegun mounted on the command cupola, with a maximum fire-range of 2,000m and 480 rounds, and a 7.62mm co-axial machinegun with 800 rounds. A four-barrel smoke grenade launcher is mounted on each side of the turret.

PROTECTION

The armour protection of the PTL02 is fairly limited, only capable of defending against 7.62mm calibre weapons. There are four smoke grenade launchers on each side of the turret. The crew members are protected by a collective NBC protection system and an automatic fire suppressing system.

PROPULSION

The tank destroyer is powered by a German-designed BF8L413F 4-stroke, 8-cylinder, turbo-charged, air-cooled diesel engine with a standard power of 235kW (320hp) at 2,500r/min.  

The vehicle has 9 forward and 1 reverse gears, with mechanical gear box, power assisted steering and independent suspensions. Its a central inflating system can adjust the tire pressure according to road conditions. The tires can support the vehicle to travel 100km at a speed of 30km/h after being damaged.

SPECIFICATIONS

Crew: 4
Weight: 19 tonnes
Engine: 235kW (320hp) BF8L413F 4-stroke, 8-cylinder, turbo-charged, air-cooled diesel
Transmission: Mechanical
Suspension: Independent
Configuration: 6X6
Dimension: Length 8.30m; Width: 2.86m
Cruising Range: 600km
Speed: Max road 85km/h
Main Gun: 105mm rifled (30 rounds)
Auxiliary Weapon: One coaxial 7.62 mm machine gun; One 12.7 mm air-defence machine gun
Fire Control: FCS light spot fire control system with IR night vision and laser rangefinder input

文章录入:军闻    责任编辑:《环球展望》 
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