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以色列“徘徊者”(Ranger)无人机
Ranger
作者:环球展望 来源:本站原创 更新时间:2006-1-17 【字体:

    一种“徘徊者”(Ranger)无人机(UAV)系统现在操作中被瑞士军队使用。系统在瑞士军队进行了一次成功的军事演习后正式移交到瑞士空军。 

    “徘徊者”(Ranger)无人机系统被设计用于昼夜战场侦察和监视去符合特定的瑞士军队需求。“徘徊者”(Ranger)最佳用于在瑞士曾遭遇的恶劣天气和地理状况中使用。空中飞行器由瑞士航空&系统公司发展和制造。特别注意提供给它抗不良天气。无人机(UAV)机身构造采用复合材料,高阔高比机翼安装在机身较低位置,双排-桁梁尾部和一个单舵,安装使用一个紧急降落伞。

    “徘徊者”(Ranger)从一个卡车安装液压弹射器自动发射,装有滑板用于在短草皮简易机场或无准备雪地/冰面上自动降落。“徘徊者”(Ranger)系统包括七架飞行器,二套卡车安装发射装置,二座卡车安装地面控制站(GCS),二套远程通信终端(RCT)和二辆救援车。 

    “徘徊者”(Ranger)主要传感器是一套以色列飞机工业公司(IAI)/Tamam分部的MOSP(一种双重电视照相机和IR传感器,安装在一个旋转可收放转塔上)。“徘徊者”(Ranger)也能携带由用户供给的设备组件用于其它任务。

    任务

    战术无人机(UAV)系统用于监视、侦察、目标捕获和火炮校准。最佳化用于使用在欧洲曾遭遇的恶劣天气和地理状况。 

    负载

    标准MOSP(电视&IR 组合)

    性能

    最大起飞重量: 275 公斤
    最大负载量重量: 45 公斤
    持久性: 5个小时
    升限: 15,000 英尺
    最大航程 150 公里
    翼展: 5.7 米
    全长: 4.6 米
    全高: 0.9 米
    * 仰赖直接瞄准线数据链配置

    发射&回收

    发射: 液压弹射器。
    在草地或雪地使用滑板自动降落。
    降落伞用于紧急降落。 

    技术数据

    重量: 最大起飞重量 275公斤(606磅) 最大负载重量 45公斤(110磅)
    尺寸: 全长 4.61米 15.12英尺 翼展 5.71米 18.73英尺
    动力装置:活塞发动机 38马力 

    由以色列飞机工业公司(IAI),RUAG航空宇宙公司(以前的SF公司,瑞士的飞机和系统企业)和Oerlikon-Contraves制造。

瑞士正式接收无人机(UAV)系统

    在2001年12月下旬,位于Emmen新的瑞士空军无人机(UAV)训练中心开幕式上,一种“徘徊者”(Ranger)无人机(UAV)系统已经移交给瑞典空军。瑞士防卫采购代理处(DPA)主管交付系统给瑞士空军司令官。瑞士政府和军方官员、瑞士的工业代表和Moshe Keret带领的以色列工业代表、以色列飞机工业公司(IAI)的董事长&CEO参加了典礼。

    以色列航空工业被事实给予荣誉,瑞士空军已经为它的任务选择“徘徊者”(Ranger)无人机(UAV)系统。瑞士空军现在是一份唯一和卓越的世界范围用户目录的一部分,了解以色列飞机工业公司(IAI)的工厂和UAV系统的优点和能力。

    瑞士的组件由四个系统所组成,包括地面控制、28架无人机(UAV)、保密通信线路、用于昼和夜视力的光电负载、自动降落系统和机动回收单位。系统也包括一套任务模拟器。 

    芬兰陆军也已经获得“徘徊者”(Ranger)无人机(UAV)系统,第一套系统在2001年10月被交付到芬兰。

    附原文供对照参考:

Ranger

A Ranger Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) system is now in operational use with the Swiss Armed Forces. The system was officially handed over to the Swiss Air Force following a successful military exercise by the Swiss Armed Forces. 

The Ranger Tactical Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) System was designed for day and night battlefield reconnaissance and surveillance to meet specific Swiss Armed Forces requirements. The Ranger has been optimized for use in the difficult weather and geographical conditions that can be encountered in Switzerland. The aerial vehicle was developed and manufactured by Swiss Aircraft & Systems Company. Special attention was given to weatherproofing it. The UAV's body is constructed of composite materials with high-aspect-ratio wings mounted low on the fuselage, twin-boom tail and a single rudder and is equipped with an emergency parachute. 

The Ranger is launched automatically from a truck-mounted hydraulic catapult and has skids for automatic landing on a short grass strip or unprepared snow/ice surface. The Ranger system includes seven air vehicles, two truck-mounted launchers, two truck-mounted Ground Control Stations (GCS), two Remote Communications Terminals (RCT), and two recovery vehicles. 

The Ranger's primary sensors is an IAI/Tamam's MOSP (a dual TV camera and IR sensor mounted in a rotating retractable turret). The Ranger can also carry customer furnished equipment packages for other roles.  

Missions
Tactical UAV system for surveillance, reconnaissance, target-acquisition and artillery adjustment. Optimized for use in difficult weather and geographical conditions encountered in Europe. 

Payloads
Standard MOSP (TV & IR Combi) 

Performance
Maximum Take-Off Weight 275 kg 
Maximum Payload Weight 45 kg 
Endurance 5 hours 
Ceiling 15,000 ft 
Maximum Range 150 km 
Wing Span 5.7 m 
Overall Length 4.6 m 
Overall Height 0.9 m 
* Depending on direct line-of-sight datalink configuration

Launch & Recovery
Launch: hydraulic catapult.
Automatic landing on grass or snow using skids.
Parachute for emergency landing. 

Technical Data
Weights: Max Take-off Weight 275 kg   (606 lb) Max Payload Weight 45 kg   (110 lb) 
Dimensions: Overall Length 4.61 m 15.12 ft Wingspan 5.71 m 18.73 ft Powerplant Piston engine 38 hp 
Powerplant: Overall Length 4.61 m 15.12 ft Wingspan 5.71 m 18.73 ft Powerplant Piston engine 38 hp 

Manufactured by IAI, RUAG Aerospace (formarly SF, Swiss Aircraft and System Enterprises) and Oerlikon-Contraves. 

Swiss formally accept Ranger UAV system

A Ranger unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) system was handed over to the Swiss Air Force during the inauguration ceremony of the new Swiss Air Force UAV Training Centre in Emmen, Switzerland, in late December 2001. 
The Head of the Defence Procurement Agency (DPA) of the Swiss MOD handed the system over to the Swiss Air Force Commander. The Ceremony was attended by Swiss Government and military officials, Swiss industry representatives and Israeli industry representatives headed by Moshe Keret, IAI's President & CEO. 

Israel Aircraft Industries is honoured by the fact that the Swiss Air Force has chosen the Ranger UAV system for its missions. The Swiss Air Force is now a part of an exclusive and distinguished list of world-wide customers who are aware to the benefits and capabilities of IAI's family of UAV Systems.' 

The Swiss package consists of four systems, which include Ground Control Stations, 28 UAVs, secure communication links, Electro-Optical payloads for day and night vision, Automatic Landing Systems, and Mobile Receiving Units. The system also includes a mission simulator. 

The Finnish Army has also acquired a Ranger UAV System, the first system was delivered to Finland on October 2001.

文章录入:军闻    责任编辑:《环球展望》 
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