繁体中文
设为首页
加入收藏
 | 网站首页 | 军事动态 | 原创专稿 | 文摘 | 论坛精选 | 
您现在的位置: 环球展望军事 >> 原创专稿 >> 以色列军事 >> 以色列无人系统 >> 正文 用户登录 新用户注册
以色列“哈比”(Harpy)无人机
HARPY
作者:环球展望 来源:本站原创 更新时间:2006-1-14 【字体:

    “哈比”(HARPY)是一种杀伤型无人机(UAV),设计去发现、攻击和破坏雷达天线。“哈比”无人机是“发射-和-不管”、全天候、昼/夜自主武器系统,从战争区后面的一辆地面车辆上或从舰载发射装置上发射。

    “哈比”有效地长持续时间抑制敌方防空导弹(SAM)和雷达位置,通过发现、攻击和具有非常高的攻击精度去摧毁雷达目标。

    “哈比”(Harpy)提供对敌方雷达问题以最低的成本、最有效果的解决办法。“哈比”(Harpy)在生产中,已经在一些国家空军中服役,而且正在使用中。

    重量135公斤、2.1米长、翼展2.7米和航程500公里。“哈比”密封在它的发射装置/储存箱中,去承受恶劣战场环境。它能在发射装置中加注或排放燃料,因此在所有时间保持它准备就绪。系统使用定期内建测试维持完全的准备就绪。

    “哈比”(Harpy)任务在炮兵地面控制中心中计划和编制程序,被当做一个独立的任务,或与其它的有人操纵或无人操纵系统计划相一致。无人飞行器飞行中自主到它的巡逻区域,它的雷达搜索头不停地寻找敌方雷达。一但可疑的雷达被捕获,“哈比”(Harpy)从内建的敌方天线信号资料库去对信号比较,而且优先威胁次序。 如果目标被确认,无人飞行器进入一个攻击模式,它过渡进入近似垂直俯冲之内,瞄准在信号源上。无人飞行器设定正好在目标上去引爆战斗部,对天线和周围设备造成最大伤害。如果雷达在“哈比”(Harpy)攻击前关闭,无人飞行器能放弃攻击和继续空中巡逻。如果没有在任务期间发现雷达,无人飞行器到一个被指定区域上按程序自毁。

    后继系统已经打算提供给国外客户,引入综合导引头和杀伤无人飞行器,将赋与可视识别和甚至在它们关闭它们的天线后攻击目标。

 

“哈比”(Harpy)交付到土耳其

    在始于1999年的交易中,土耳其陆军(TAF)已经收到来自以色列飞机工业公司(IAI)一些数量的“哈比”(Harpy)杀伤型无人机(UAV)。确切数量是未知的,但是报告认为超过100架杀伤型无人机(UAV)被交付。
 
    以色列飞机工业公司(IAI)MBT分部发展和生产“哈比”(Harpy)系统,是一种攻击型无人机(UAV),用于抑制敌人防空(SEAD)任务。它是一种“发射-和-忘记”、全天候、昼/夜自主武器系统,从一辆地面车辆上发射主要对抗敌方雷达天线,在其它当中。

    在1999年6月MBT分部和雷锡恩导弹系统公司联成一个团队在市场上销售更先进的战斗无人机(UAV)目标定位和打击系统(CUTLASS),基于被证明的“哈比”(Harpy)无人机(UAV)的机身。 

    “哈比”(Harpy)目前在全世界的空军操作和服役。

“哈比”(Harpy)交付到印度

    依照媒体报道,印度陆军已经购买许多的武装型“哈比”(Harpy)无人机,由以色列飞机工业公司生产。

    附原文供对照参考:

HARPY

HARPY is a lethal UAV designed to detect, attack and destroy radar emitters. Harpy is a "Fire-and-Forget" all-weather, day/night autonomous weapon system, launched from a ground vehicle behind the battle zone or from ship based launchers.

HARPY effectively suppresses hostile SAM and radar sites for long duration, by detecting, attacking and destroying radar targets with a very high hit accuracy. 

HARPY provides the most effective solution to the hostile radar problem, at the lowest price. HARPY is in production, is already operational with several nations Air Forces, and is currently available.

Weighs 135 kg, 2.1 meter long, 2.7 meter span and with range of 500 km. It is sealed in its sealed launcher/container, to endure harsh battlefield conditions. It can be fueled or defueled in the launcher, therefore retaining its readiness at all time. The system uses periodical built-in test to maintain full readiness.
 
The Harpy mission is planned and programmed in the battery ground control center, as an independent mission, or planned in accordance with other manned or unmanned systems. The drone flies autonomously enroute to its patrol area its radar seeker head constantly search for hostile radars. Once suspicious radar is acquired, Harpy compares the signal to the library of hostile emitters, and prioritizes the threat. If the target is verified, the drone enters an attack mode, as it transitions into a near vertical dive, homing on the signal. The drone is set to detonate its warhead just above the target, to generate the highest damage to the antennae, and surrounding facilities. If the radar is turned off before Harpy strikes, the drone can abort the attack and continue loitering. If no radar was spotted during the mission, the drone is programmed to self destruct over a designated area. Follow-on systems which are already proposed to foreign clients, are calling for a combination of seeker and killer drones that will enable visual identification and attack of targets even after they turn off their emitters.

Harpy Delivered to Turkey
 
In a deal dating back to 1999, the Turkish Armed Forces (TAF) have taken delivery of a number on Harpy lethal unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) from Israel Aircraft Industries Ltd. (IAI). The exact number is unknown, but reports suggest that more than 100 lethal UAVs were delivered. 
IAI's MBT Division develop and produce the Harpy system, which is an attack UAV used in the suppression of enemy aerial defences (SEAD) role. It is a ‘Fire-and-Forget' all-weather, day/night autonomous weapon system, launched from a ground vehicle mainly against hostile radar emitters, amongst others. 
 
In June 1999 MBT and Raytheon Missile Systems teamed to market the more advanced Combat UAV Target Locate and Strike System (CUTLASS), based on the proven Harpy's UAV type airframe. 
 
Harpy is currently operational with several Air Forces globally. 
 
Harpy Delivered to India
 
According to media reports, the Indian army has purchased a number of the armed Harpy drone, produced by Israel Aircraft Industries.
文章录入:军闻    责任编辑:《环球展望》 
  • 上一篇文章:

  • 下一篇文章:
  • 发表评论】【加入收藏】【告诉好友】【打印此文】【关闭窗口
    中国ASN-104/105型无人机
    外媒:中国无人机用于外销
    以色列“蟒蛇”-5空对空导弹实战首
    以色列的中国无人机(UAV)骗局
    中国Y-8E无人机(UAV)运载机
    (只显示最新5条。评论内容只代表网友观点,与本站立场无关!)
    | 设为首页 | 加入收藏 | 联系站长 | 友情链接 | 版权申明 | 管理登录 |