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以色列“侦察兵”(Scout)无人机
Scout
作者:环球展望 来源:本站原创 更新时间:2005-12-18 【字体:

    缺少积极性是靠不住的。以色列军队正在逐渐地对战场无人机(UAV)感兴趣,并且在响应IAI公司时同样明确他们也对概念感兴趣。Tadiran公司和IAI公司为军用战场无人机(UAV)合同发现自己处在激烈的竞争中。
 
    以色列军队开始去购买更多的“猛犬”(Mastiffs)无人机,而IAI公司提出一个竞争者,采用一个恰当的“侦察兵”命名和销售它到军队。“侦察兵”,也即是“Zahavan(金莺)”,具有和“猛犬”(Mastiffs)相似的配置,采用一个螺旋浆推进装置和一个双-桁梁尾部。

    一种用于情报侦察的小型无人机(UAV)。无人机(UAV)的飞行和活动被地面上的一个任务控制中心管理,它的效力,实际上如同无人机的驾驶员。

    “侦察兵”的发展是一个包括IAI公司所有部门的一致努力。有许多困难去克服:它是困难的,最初,习惯于依靠一个小型无人机(UAV)的思想,并且存在许多新的挑战,同样,至于工程学是相关的。没有现成的零件和子系统,而且每件事物必须从头被发展。

    “侦察兵”系统包括若干的无人机(UAV),一个地基任务控制中心中心和发射/回收系统。综合进入“侦察兵”系统之内是各种遥控接收装置,包括一个视频接收部件-一部轻型微波接收单元,能够从一个机载监视平台和一个移动战术情报微波数据链接收视频、遥测和数据广播。无人机(UAV)的机体采用复合材料制造,若干电子和机械子系统,包括专用的搜索/监视光电负载和机载数据中继。

    “侦察兵”的主要任务去携带一套固定的视频摄像机用于实时传输,还有各种不同的红-外系统。随着时间过去,不同的子型号被发展,采用变动翼展和独特的负载设计用于阻塞敌人通信和电子战。

    “侦察兵”在1979年巴黎航空展上首次公开呈现,而且在“加里利和平”(Peace for Galilee)军事行动(1982)和战后期间,被用在叙利亚和黎巴嫩上空。

    “侦察兵”具有优异的性能和可操作规范。一架“侦察兵”无人机(UAV)在位于哈则瑞姆(Hatzerim)的以色列空军(IAF)博物馆内展示。

主要任务(Primary Role)
情报无人机(Intelligence UAV) 
原型(Original)
以色列(Israel)
尺寸(Dimensions)
翼展(Wingspan): 3.60 m 
机长(Length): 3.68 m 
机高(Height): 0.94 m 
性能(Capabilities)
最高飞行速度(Maximum speed): 160 kph 
续航力(Endurance): 7.5 小时(hours) 
控制距离(Control range): 100 km 
重量(Weight)
空重(Empty): 76 kg 
最大负载(Max. loaded): 118 kg 





    附原文以供对照参考:

Scout

    The lack of activity was deceptive. The Israeli military were becoming increasingly interested in battlefield UAVs, and in response IAI decided they were interested in the concept as well. Tadiran and IAI found themselves in bitter competition for military battlefield UAV contracts.
 
    The Israeli military began to buy more Mastiffs, while IAI came up with a competitor with the appropriate name of "Scout" and sold it to the military as well. The Scout, which was also known as "Zahavan (Oriole)", had a similar configuration to the Mastiff, with a pusher propeller and a twin-boom tail. 

    A small UAV (unmanned air vehicle) for intelligence reconnaissance. The UAV's flight and activities are directed from the ground by a mission control center that serves, in effect, as its pilot.

    The Scout's development was a concerted effort by all of the departments that comprise the IAI. There were many hardships to overcome: it was difficult, at first, to get used to the idea of relying on a small UAV, and there were many new challenges, also, as far as engineering was concerned. There were no ready-made components and subsystems, and everything had to be developed from scratch.

    The Scout system includes several UAV's, a ground based mission control center, and launch/retrieving systems. Also integrated into the Scout system are different kinds of remote receiving systems, including a Video Receiving Assembly - a lightweight transportable microwave receiving unit capable of receiving video, telemetry and data broadcasted from an airborne surveillance platform, and a mobile Tactical Intelligence Microwave Data Link. The UAV itself is made of composite materials, and has several electronic and mechanical subsystems, including special reconnaissance/surveillance electro-optical payloads and airborne data relays.

    The Scout's main missions were to carry a stabilized video camera for real time transmission, and various infra-red systems. Over time, different submodels were developed, with variations in wingspan, and unique payloads designed for jamming enemy communications, and electronic warfare.

    The Scout was first presented publicly at the Paris Air Show in 1979, and was used over Syria and Lebanon during Operation Peace for Galilee (1982) and afterwards.

    The Scout has excellent performance and maneuverability specs. A Scout UAV is on display at the IAF Museum at Hatzerim.

文章录入:军闻    责任编辑:《环球展望》 
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